Poor conditions for deer population growth in the early-2000s resulted in suppressed deer numbers in several parts of the state. However, improved conditions in recent years led to increased fawn recruitment and female survival. As a result, deer populations in New Mexico are stable with most herds experiencing population growth.
The Department conducts post-hunt, aerial surveys to determine buck to doe (B:D) and fawn to doe (F:D) ratios each winter and to monitor overall population trends. Following the 2018 hunting seasons, the statewide ratios are 45 fawns:100 does and 30 bucks:100 does which are within the Department’s management objectives. These ratios and trends indicate that the statewide population is stable to increasing and hunters may see more deer on the landscape.
In general, deer herds across GMUs in northern New Mexico have higher F:D ratios and are seeing more rapid increases in population sizes.
Although deer populations in southern New Mexico are lower than historical data suggests, F:D and B:D ratios are improving over recent years. Populations in southern New Mexico are stable with some local populations seeing significant increases.