Secondary Management Zones are areas within the state where elk are present, but are adjacent to, or outside of, core habitat and thus no specific elk management goals are set by the department. Elk licenses for enrolled private lands in Secondary Management Zones are issued over-the-counter, and are available for purchase with an appropriate ranch code. Special Management Zones are regions outside both Primary and Secondary Management Zones and elk authorizations are issued to private landowners by the department on a ranch by ranch basis. Private property owners who are qualified participants in the EPLUS program are issued authorizations for elk hunts to be distributed by the landowner. These private property authorizations can then be converted to licenses by the hunter who has acquired the authorization. Depending on how the landowner enrolled their property in the EPLUS program, and where that property is located, licenses may be valid for the entire GMU, like public draw licenses, or they may be limited to the ranch boundaries where issued. For more information on EPLUS licenses, visit the EPLUS webpage.