Land Access Rules

Click the tab headings below for general information about New Mexico’s Land Access Rules, as referenced by the 2016-17 NM Hunting Rules & Info booklet (pgs. 25-36).

See also:
Antelope (A-PLUS) Private Lands Use System
Elk (E-PLUS)  Private Lands Use System
Open Gate Private Lands
Stand Lands & Unitization
Big Game Units (and COER Maps)
Migratory Game Bird Maps
State Game Commission Lands
Habitat Stamp Areas

For information about the mobile CarryMap Application click here.

Access to Public Lands

New Mexico contains nine million acres of National Forest and approximately 13 million acres of BLM lands. Many of New Mexico’s public lands are interspersed with privately owned property. A private landowner has the right to control the use of his/her private land. Where no public access exists, sportsmen/women must obtain written permission from the landowner or leaseholder to cross private land for access to public land. It is unlawful for persons to post or restrict lawful use of public land.

National parks and national monuments are closed to hunting, except the following BLM managed national monuments that are open to hunting, trapping and fishing.

Rio Grande Del Norte National Monument: (575) 751-4899
Prehistoric Trackways National Monument & Organ Mountains–Desert Peaks National Monument: (575) 525-4300

All of Unit 6B is closed to hunting and trapping, except elk and turkey (see pages 29, 71, 76, 80 and 110). All hunters and participants in any firearm hunt on the Valles Caldera National Preserve, with the exception of hunters using a shotgun during the turkey hunt, must wear a minimum of 244 square inches of blaze orange. A 7-day Vehicle Pass ($20) or an NPS Senior/All America Pass is required. A hunter orientation also is required before scouting areas of VCNP. For information: www.nps.gov/vall or (575) 829-4100.

NWRs are closed to hunting unless specified open by federal refuge regulations for the hunting of particular species. If specified open, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service approved nontoxic shot (listed on page 129) is required for hunting on all national wildlife refuges.

Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge: (575) 835-1828
Bitter Lake National Wildlife Refuge: (575) 622-6755
Las Vegas National Wildlife Refuge: (505) 425-3581
Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge: (505) 864-4021

Most national forests in New Mexico are open to public hunting. Outfitters and guides providing services in national forests must possess a permit issued by the Forest Service that authorizes provision of such services on Forest Service lands. Vehicle-use restrictions may apply on many Forest Service properties. Specific roads are closed in some national forests to protect natural resources. It is unlawful to use vehicles in areas closed under the Habitat Protection Act. Prescribed burns also may be encountered in national forests. Prescribed fires maintain a diverse and healthy forest ecosystem and improve wildlife habitat. Late Season Road Closures: If intending to utilize roads through Forest Service or BLM property, it is advisable to contact the appropriate land management field office (page 30) beforehand for late season or winter closures and other access restrictions.

Sandia Ranger District: Cibola National Forest
The Sandia Ranger District is open to all big-game hunting, but restricted to archery only during established seasons.

Valle Vidal (inlcuding Greenwood Area): Carson National Forest
The Valle Vidal in the Carson National Forest is closed seasonally to public access: West Side is closed May 1–June 30; and East Side is closed Jan. 1–March 31. The Valle Vidal Unit is open to big-game hunting by draw only and is closed to all small-game and nongame hunting and trapping. Off-road travel is prohibited, and camping is allowed only in designated campgrounds or beyond one-half mile from the road. Other restrictions may apply. For more information, contact the U.S. Forest Service office in Questa: (575) 586-0520.

For more information about Forest Service Lands: For information visit www.fs.fed.us or contact the national forest of interest.

Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (928) 333-4301
Carson National Forest: (575) 758-6200
Cibola National Forest: (505) 346-3900
Coronado National Forest: (520) 388-8300
Gila National Forest: (575) 388-8201
Lincoln National Forest: (575) 257-4095
Santa Fe National Forest: (505) 438-5300

Most land under Bureau of Land Management jurisdiction, including Wilderness Study Areas, is open to public hunting. However, it is the responsibility of each hunter to know what restrictions apply and where. Off-road vehicle travel may be restricted or prohibited on BLM lands, depending on location. Obey all posted rules and check with local BLM offices for regulatory changes that may occur in Special Management Units.

Kashe Katuwe–Tent Rocks National Monument: Kashe Katuwe–Tent Rocks National Monument is closed to hunting.

Rio Grande Recreation Area: Wild Rivers Zone is open to hunting and trapping with the exception of the closed area: beginning from the fence at the pay station; east following the southern boundary of State Land Section 32 to where it intersects the power line; south following the Red River to its confluence with the Rio Grande; north following the Rio Grande to Sheep’s Crossing; east to the right of way fence of the Backcountry Byway; and south following this right of way fence to the pay station. Taos Valley Overlook Zone and Orilla Verde Zone are closed to hunting and trapping.

For more information about BLM lands, visit: www.blm.gov/nm/st/en.html or contact:

Albuquerque: (505) 761-8700
Carlsbad: (575) 887-6544
Farmington: (505) 599-8900
Las Cruces: (575) 525-4300
Roswell: (575) 627-0272
Socorro: (575) 835-0412
Taos: (575) 758-8851
Santa Fe: (505) 954-2000

With the cooperation of the U.S. Department of Defense, hunting is allowed on some military reservations that control access to these areas. Hunters must obtain permission and conditions of access directly from the military reservation. Due to security concerns, the director of the New Mexico Department of Game and Fish may change or cancel hunts on such lands.

Kirtland Air Force Base: No access is allowed within the fenced area.
Lake Holloman Wildlife Refuge: Closed to big and upland game hunting.
Fort Bliss: All hunters on Fort Bliss, including McGregor Range, are required to have proof of passing a state-certified hunter education course. Mentored-Youth Hunters are not eligible.
McGregor Range in Unit 28: Open for big-game hunting by draw (see specific species and season listings). For access information, contact the Fort Bliss Security Office: (915) 741-5251.
GMU 34: Grapevine Canyon (McGregor Range Buffer Zone): Subject to closure by the Forest Service and/or the military during missile firings. This area in GMU 34 is accessible with military permission only, contact the Fort Bliss security office at (915)-741-5251.
White Sands Missile Range (WSMR): Open for bighorn sheep and oryx hunting by draw (see specific species and season listings). For access information, contact the White Sands Missile Range at: (575) 678-7909 or (575) 678-7095.

Military Closures: In the interest of public safety, the Forest Service and U.S. military may delay or cancel hunts in portions of GMUs 10, 13, 18, 19, 20, 28 and 34. Closures usually occur between 3 p.m.–8 a.m., during which time roadblocks leading into closed areas will be placed and evacuation required of all persons in these areas. The area subject to closure in Unit 34 is located in Grapevine Canyon (McGregor Range Buffer Zone) and is subject to closure by the Forest Service and/or the military during missile firings. Closures of these areas can occur throughout the year and may effect a number of hunts listed in this booklet. The area subject to closure in GMU 10 includes approximately 29 square miles of the Mount Taylor Ranger District, Cibola National Forest—located in the Zuni Mountains, directly south and east of the Fort Wingate Launch Complex and south of U.S. Hwy. I-40. The area subject to closure in GMU 13 includes approximately 200 square miles of the western portion of the Magdalena Ranger District, Cibola National Forest—located in the Datil Mountains, north of U.S. Hwy. 60 and northeast of Datil, N.M. Authority for the closures is 36 CFR 261.53 (E) and 36 CFR 261.54 (e).

Title VI Funding: Certain programs of the New Mexico Department of Game and Fish receive federal funds from the U.S. Department of the Interior. These programs are therefore subject to requirements of the New Mexico Human Rights Act and Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, which prohibit discrimination because of ancestry, sex, race, color, religion, national origin, age or physical or mental handicap. If you believe you have been discriminated against in any program, activity or facility, please send a detailed description of the incident by certified mail to the New Mexico Department of Game and Fish. If you desire further information on Title VI, write: New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, ADA Coordinator, P.O. Box 25112, Santa Fe, NM 87504 or Office of Equal Opportunity, U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Office of the Secretary, Washington, DC 20240. The Department of Game and Fish will schedule public meetings and operate facilities that are accessible to physically impaired persons. Reasonable accommodations will be made for other impairments, including hearing and sight. If special aids are required, call (505) 476-8027 or write to P.O. Box 25112, Santa Fe, NM 87504 at least three working days prior to the meeting date. To initiate a complaint, write to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Division of Federal Assistance, 4401 Fairfax Drive, Mail Stop: MBSP-4020, Arlington, Virginia 22203.

Fundos de Titulo VI: Ciertos programas del New Mexico Department of Game and Fish reciben fondos federales del U.S. Department of the Interior. Estos programas son subyugados a requisitos de la ley de New Mexico Human Rights Act and Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, que prohíben la discriminacion por razones de ascendencia, sexo, raza, color, religión origen nacional, edad o impedimento físico o mental. Si usted cree que ha sufrido discriminación en cualquier programa, actividad o comodidades, por favor envíe por correo certificado una descripción detallada al Department of Game and Fish. Si desea mas informacion sobre Titulo VI, por favor escriba a: Department of Game and Fish, ADA Coordinator, P.O. Box 25112, Santa Fe, NM 87504 or Office of Equal Opportunity, U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Office of the Secretary, Washington, DC 20240. Al programar sus reuniones públicas, el Department of Game and Fish operará en facilidades que proveen acceso para personas con incapacidades físicas. Las personas con otras incapacidades, inclusive del oído y de la vista, recibirán acceso razonable a las reuniones. Si usted necesita algún auxiliar o ayuda especial, por favor llame al número (505) 476-8027 o escriba a P.O. Box 25112, Santa Fe, NM 87504, por lo menos tres días antes de la reunión. Para iniciar una queja, escriba a U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Division of Federal Assistance, 4401 Fairfax Drive, Mail Stop: MBSP-4020, Arlington, Virginia 22203.

 

Reference (2017-18 NM Hunting Rules & Info pgs. 29-31)

 

Native American Land

New Mexico hunting land access and rules.Before entering to hunt or fish on Native American land(s), permission must be obtained from the tribal official(s) of the pueblo, tribe or nation where that land is located. A New Mexico license is not required, however, game and/or fish taken on/or from a native lands must be accompanied by an official document, such as a license or receipt, which demonstrates lawful possession. Pueblos, tribes and nations may have firearm, ammunition and travel restrictions. It is advisable to separate completely any firearm from its ammunition when traveling across these lands. Specific information about hunting and fishing, season dates, transporting firearms, permits and travel restrictions is available from each pueblo, tribe or nation. A list with contact information for New Mexico pueblos, tribes and nations is available at the New Mexico Department of Indian Affairs’ website, www.iad.state.nm.us or phone: (505) 476-1600.

 

New Mexico State Lands

The New Mexico State Game Commission has purchased a lease for hunting, fishing and trapping of protected species on State Trust Land. Certain State Trust Land may be under business lease and withdrawn by the Commissioner of Public Lands and unavailable for hunting, fishing or trapping. For specific locations, contact the New Mexico State Land Office: (505) 827-5842 or www.nmstatelands.org.

State Game Commission Easement for Hunter, Angler and Trapper Access on State Lands Trust Lands, effective April 1, 2017.

AGM SLO SGC Easement (Campground Addendum) Effective 04-01-2017

To ensure access and create larger and better defined hunting areas, hunting and trapping privileges for some State Trust Land have been exchanged for similar privileges on private lands. These private-land areas have signs posted with notices that the land has been unitized (page 36). Observe these signs and contact landowners if you have questions about the location of land open for public use. Though not required, trappers are encouraged to notify the appropriate lessee when trapping on State Trust Lands.

The right to enter State Trust Land is assured if access is available by public road (defined in Section 67-2-1, NMSA 1978) or across other public lands or trails. If denied access, contact the New Mexico State Land Office (above) to provide complete details, including the location, date, time and name(s) of person(s) denying access.

If you have been allowed access to State Trust Lands, you may:

  • Scout for big game seven days prior to the open season.
  • Hunt big game and upland game or take protected furbearers during open hours and seasons.
  • Hunt or trap unprotected species on State Trust Land, but only during the period in which your license is valid for protected species on those lands.
  • Camp with the permission of the agricultural lessee, unless otherwise authorized by the Commissioner of Public Lands.
  • Take up to three guests per license holder on your hunt.

However you must:

  • Have in your possession all required and valid hunting, fishing or trapping licenses which must be available on demand by employees of either the State Land Office or NMDGF.
  • Respect other land uses, such as surface or mineral leases.
  • Drive only on established roads and close gates.
  • Pack out trash.

And you must not:

  • Attach blinds to private property, such as windmills, tanks, etc.
  • Drive off-road for any reason.
  • Enter during seasons for which you are not licensed or before the hours and allowed scouting periods for which you are licensed.
  • Use private roads or cross private lands without prior written permission from the landowner.
  • Remove wood, sand or gravel or conduct commercial or unrelated personal activities.
  • Harass or injure livestock or wildlife or damage private property, such as dwellings or range improvements.
  • Use a Private-land Only Deer License to hunt on state land, even if the state land is leased by a landowner whose property you have permission to hunt.

 

New Mexico State Trust Lands: Commercial Use

The New Mexico State Game Commission easement providing licensed sportsmen the use of State Trust Land is subject to the rules and regulations of the New Mexico State Land Office. Persons seeking to use State Trust Land for uses other than the taking of protected species must secure the specific approval of the State Land Office. For more information, contact the State Land Office: (505) 827-5842; or www.nmstatelands.org.

New Mexico State Game Commission Lands

The State Game Commission owns and manages lands across New Mexico for the benefit of fish, wildlife and their habitats. These lands include New Mexico’s Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs). Select WMAs are open to provide additional public hunting opportunities. See below for special WMA rules.

All WMAs are closed, unless specifically open. If designated open:

  • WMAs open for big-game hunting are listed in this booklet for each big game species by GMU. All other WMAs are closed to big-game hunting.
  • Only New Mexico residents may apply for big-game hunts held exclusively on WMAs. Nonresidents only may apply for hunts open concurrently on both a WMA and other public lands.
  • Legal big-game shooting hours are listed on page 27. USFWS-approved nontoxic shot is required for turkey hunting on WMAs; see page 108.
  • Scouting is allowed by each properly-licensed, big-game hunter with up to three guests during a seven-day period prior to the published start date of his/her hunt.

USFWS-approved nontoxic shot is required for upland game and turkey hunting on all New Mexico Game Commission owned or managed areas. Legal shooting hours are listed on pages 25–26. Established seasons are listed on pages 130–132 and 107–109.

  1. WMAs open for upland-game hunting are listed in this booklet on pages 132–133. All other WMAs are closed to upland-game hunting.
  2. Legal upland-game shooting hours are listed on page 27. USFWS-approved non-toxic shot is required for upland game on all WMAs (page 130).
  • WMA access is allowed by each properly-licensed hunter with up to three guests, concurrent with his/her published hunt period and scouting period.
  • Individuals may not enter closed areas as posted on site.
  • Vehicles may not be operated off established roads or on closed roads.
  • Camping is restricted to designated areas. Individuals may not camp more than 14 consecutive days, unless concurrent with their published hunt period (and scouting period for big-game hunters only).
  • Campfires must be safely contained.
  • Dogs must remain on leash, except when being used for hunting purposes as allowed by rule.
  • Domestic livestock feed, other than pelleted, grain feed or hay certified as weed free, is prohibited.
  • Individuals may not deface or remove rocks, minerals, plants (including fruits, nuts, and berries), animals, firewood, or man-made features (including artifacts).
  • Individuals may not violate access rules for specific WMAs posted on site or otherwise published by NMDGF.

Hunting and trapping on WMAs are not allowed for nongame animals (page 137), protected furbearers, unprotected furbearers (coyotes and skunks) or unprotected species (feral hogs), unless specifically designated otherwise.

For further rules and specific information about each WMA, visit Conservation/State Game Commission Lands.

 

New Mexico State Parks

All New Mexico State Parks are closed to hunting, unless specified open in a designated area. For information contact the New Mexico State Parks Division at: 1-888-667-2757. Contact state park superintendents for designated hunting areas and directions, or telephone: (505) 827-7173.

Other State Lands

Chihuahuan Desert Research Center: The Chihuahuan Desert Rangeland Research Center (College Ranch) is closed to unescorted public access. For information, telephone: (575) 646-2554 or visit: chihuahuansc.nmsu.edu.

Jornada Experimental Range: Jornada Experimental Range in Doña Ana County is closed to unescorted public access.

Middle Rio Grande Conservancy District: For information or to obtain access, telephone: (505) 864-7466.

Portions of the Rio Grande in Valencia County: In the interest of public safety, areas posted along the Rio Grande in Valencia County may be closed to hunting. For further information regarding closures contact the NMDGF Northwest Office: (505) 222-4700, extension 0.

Reference (2017-18 NM Hunting Rules & Info pgs. 33-35)

 

Private Lands

Hunting on Private Land

Hunters must obtain written permission before entering private lands, including streambeds (see Criminal Trespass, page 37). It is unlawful to knowingly enter any private property to hunt, capture, take, attempt to take or kill any protected species on posted private property without written permission from the landowner or person in control of the land. It also is unlawful to remain on property if consent has been denied or withdrawn. Any game taken in violation of the above, shall be subject to seizure.

Unitization Agreements Provide Access

Unitization agreements are cooperative temporary agreements between landowners and the New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, the State Land Office and/or the Bureau of Land Management (BLM). These agreements consolidate areas to benefit sportsmen and landowners alike by increasing public hunting access during the hunting season to previously inaccessible areas, while at the same time diminishing trespass issues for landowners and enabling them to better manage ranching operations. Each agreement is reviewed annually, and the public is welcome to provide comments.

How Hunters Can Use Unitization

To take advantage of the hunting opportunities unitized ranches provide, hunters must have a valid license for the season and species identified in each agreement. Each agreement specifies the hunting season(s) and species which apply.

To locate ranches that have entered into unitization agreements visit the Unitized Ranch page. Also, to assist and inform hunters in the field, signs will be posted on public and private property where unitization agreements are in effect.

Hunters may hunt on private lands that have been opened through a unitization agreement (see website for maps). Hunters must have permission from the lessee to hunt on BLM/State lands that have been closed through a unitization agreement. Game animals taken contrary to the above may be seized.

 

Criminal Trespass

Knowing Makes All the Difference

It is trespassing if:

  • A person enters private property that is legally posted and they don’t have written permission
    to be there.
  • A person enters private property even though they know that permission to be there has been denied or withdrawn. This applies whether the property is posted or not.
  • A person remains on private property after they have been asked to leave by the landowner
    or person in control of the property.
  • A person enters or stays on property owned or controlled by the State of New Mexico knowing that permission to do so has been denied.

It is not trespassing if:

  • A person with a valid license enters private property whose owner has entered into an agreement with NMDGF to allow the public to lawfully hunt, trap or fish.
  • A person with a valid license is hunting on private property with a private land license that was issued for that particular property.
  • A person with a valid license is lawfully hunting, fishing or trapping on State Trust Land that is included in an easement between the New Mexico State Game Commission and the Commissioner of Public Lands.

Penalties:

  • Criminal trespass under Chapter 30-14-1, NMSA 1978 is a misdemeanor.
  • Fines up to $1,000 and up to 364 days in jail.
  • If a person is convicted of trespassing while involved in hunting, trapping or fishing activities she/he will have his/her hunting, trapping or fishing privileges revoked.
  • If a person damages any private property while trespassing she/he will be civilly responsible to the owner for twice the value of the damage.
  • If a person removes, damages or tampers with a “No Trespassing” sign she/he is guilty of a petty misdemeanor which could result in a fine of $500 and six months in jail, unless the damage to the signs is more than $1,000 whereupon she/he will be guilty of a misdemeanor which could result in a fine of $1,000 and 364 days in jail.

Unlawful Taking of Game on Private Property

It is unlawful to hunt, capture, take, attempt to take or kill any game animal or furbearer on posted private property without written permission of the landowner or person in control of the land or if consent to remain on the property has been denied or withdrawn.

Unlawful Taking of Game on Unposted Private Property

It is unlawful to knowingly enter upon any private property to hunt, capture, take, attempt to take or kill any game animal or furbearer without written permission of the landowner or person in control of the land. Any game animals or furbearers taken in violation of the above shall be subject to seizure.